3D-printed wood could start flat then twist into furniture as it dries

3D-printed wood could start flat then twist into furniture as it dries

A 3D printing strategy that makes use of ink built of wood pulp can be made use of to make flat objects that morph into 3D designs as they dry


23 August 2022

Wood ink printed as a flat rectangle is programmed to form a complex shape after drying and solidifying. (Ruler is marked in centimeters.)

Wooden ink printed as a flat rectangle sorts a helix condition following drying and solidifying

Doron Kam

Wooden shavings have been turned into 3D printer ink to make objects that get started off as damp, flat sheets and then twist and warp into form as they dry. This process of 3D printing can make wood sturdy more than enough to be utilised for furniture or areas of buildings in the long term.

Doron Kam at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel and his colleagues produced a strategy for 3D printing wooden constructions that change in a managed and predictable way as they eliminate dampness.


Wooden naturally changes form as it dries since of the composition and orientation of its cells. The scientists took gain of this by 3D printing with an ink produced principally of “wood flour” or ground up leftover wooden from other building. They printed objects from this ink by generating levels or adjacent rows of wet strips that warped as they dried.

To make a metre-sized bowl, they printed concentric circles of wooden ink. From past experiments of wooden and theoretical designs of how wood curves, they realized that wooden cells would dry and contract in these types of a way that the edges of the circle elevate up rather of remaining in the condition of a flat circular plate. The researchers also printed a flat rectangle made of different strips that dried in different orientations, which ended up drying into a spiralling helix.

Kam claims that the sum of warping and the site it takes place in the item can be managed by the orientation of the 3D printed strips and the pace at which they are printed. This offers two approaches to tune the ultimate form of an object produced with the wooden ink, says Kam, who presented this analysis at a conference of the American Chemical Culture in Chicago on 23 August.

Markus Rüggeberg at the Dresden University of Technologies in Germany previously crafted a solid wood tower that also warped into form as it dried. He claims that the obstacle for this 3D printing technique will be producing strong structures much larger than a several metres.

Kam claims that the he and his staff are doing the job on generating a lot more complex shapes. In a much off future, he suggests, you could be grinding up stray branches from your backyard and 3D printing your self a pleasant, curvy chair.

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